Research on Connect

Connect Attachment Programs: Model & Evidence

We are strongly committed to knowledge translation, and the development of evidence-based interventions to prevent and reduce risk. Together with community partners in mental health and education, we have developed, delivered, and evaluated our Connect programs, which provide important benefits to youth and their families and cost-saving measures to society. 

Research and program evaluation are integral parts of the Connect Attachment Programs. Ongoing program evaluation procedures are crucial to maintaining program integrity and ensuring continued assessment of program effectiveness. Program evaluation must be completed for every Connect group. Click this link to view a recent presentation made by Dr Marlene Moretti and Dr Vicky Kelly on the Connect Program and related research.  

Connect was rated by the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse (CEBC) and given a Scientific Rating of 3 (Promising Research Evidence) and a Child Welfare System Relevance Level of Medium. For more information, click here.

Click below to download published papers.

*For requests to receive copies of any papers not found on this site, please email


Osman, F., Vixner, L., Flacking, R., Klingberg-Allvin, M., Schön, U.-K., & Salari, R. (2021). Impact of a culturally tailored parenting programme on the mental health of Somali parents and children living in Sweden: a longitudinal cohort study. BMJ Open11(8), e045067–e045067.

Barone, L., Carone, N., Costantino, A., Genschow, J., Merelli, S., Milone, A., Polidori, L., Ruglioni, L., & Moretti, M. M. (2021). Effect of a parenting intervention on decreasing adolescents’ behavioral problems via reduction in attachment insecurity: A longitudinal, multicenter, randomized controlled trial. Journal of Adolescence, 91, 82–96.

Dangaltcheva, A., Booth, C., Moretti, M. M. (2021). Transforming Connections: A trauma-informed and attachment-based program to promote sensitive parenting of trans and gender nonconforming youth. Frontiers in Psychology. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.643823

Pasalich, D. S., Moretti, M. M., Hassall, A., Curcio, A. (in press) Pilot randomized controlled trial of an attachment- and trauma-focused intervention for kinship caregivers. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology.

Ranahan, P., Pascuzzo, K. & Moretti, M. M. (2021). Storying security with parents and teens: From vicious circles to strengthened relationships. Relational Child & Youth Care Practice, 34, 1, 123-130.

Forslund, T., Granqvist, P., van IJzendoorn, M. H., Sagi-Schwartz, A., Glaser, D., Steele, M., Hammarlund, M., Schuengel, C., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., Steele, H., Shaver, P. R., Lux, U., Simmonds, J., Jacobvitz, D., Groh, A. M., Bernard, K., Cyr, C., Hazen, N. L., Foster, S., … Duschinsky, R. (2021). Attachment goes to court: child protection and custody issues. Attachment & Human Development, 1–52. Click here.


Barone, L., Carone, N., Costantino, A., Genschow, J., Merelli, S., Milone, A., Polidori, L., Ruglioni, L., & Moretti, M. (2020). Training parents to adolescents’ challenges: The CONNECT parent program. Quaderni di Psicoterapia Cognitiva, 46, 31–46. Click here.

Moretti, M. M., O’Donnell, K. A., & Kelly, V. (2020). Connect: An Attachment Based and Trauma Informed Program for Foster Parents of Teens. Child Welfare, Special Issue: Twenty Years after the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (“Chafee”): What We Know Now About Meeting the Needs of Teens and Young Adults, 97(5), 159-178.


Ozturk, Y., Moretti, M., & Barone, L. (2019). Addressing parental stress and adolescents’ behavioral problems through an attachment-based program: An intervention study. International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 19(1), 89-100. Click here.


Alfredsson, E. K., Thorvaldsson, V., Axberg, U., & Broberg, A. G. (2018). Parenting programs during adolescence: Outcomes from universal and targeted interventions offered in real‐world settings. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 59(4), 378–391. https://doi-org./10.1111/sjop.12446

Hunt, S., Moretti, M. M., Booth, C., Reyda, N. (2018). Creating evidence based change through a trauma informed lens: Translating principles into practice. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies (IJCYFS), 9(1), 54-68. Click here


Gardiner, E., Iarocci, G., Moretti, M. M. (2017). Integrative care for adolescents with dual diagnosis: Considering trauma and attachment within an innovative model for clinical practice. Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 10(4), 321-344. Click here

Moretti, M. M., Pasalich, D. S., O’Donnell, K. A., (2017). Connect: An attachment based program for parents and teens. In H. Steele & M. Steele. (Eds), Handbook of Attachment-Based Interventions (First Ed.). New York, NY, USA: Guilford Publications.

Rooth, H., Forinder, U., Piuva, K., & Söderbäck, M. (2017). An Assessment of Two Parenting Training Manuals Used in Swedish Parenting Interventions. Children & society, 31(6), 510-522. Click here.

Osman, F., Flacking, R., Schön, U. K., & Klingberg-Allvin, M. (2017). A support program for Somali-born parents on children’s behavioral problems. Pediatrics, 139(3), e20162764. Click here. 

Osman, F., Salari, R., Klingberg-Allvin, M., Schön, U. K., & Flacking, R. (2017). Effects of a culturally tailored parenting support programme in Somali-born parents’ mental health and sense of competence in parenting: A randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 7(12), e017600. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017600. Click here. 


Högström, J., Olofsson, V., Özdemir, M., Enebrink, P., & Stattin, H. (2016). Two-year findings from a national effectiveness trial: Effectiveness of behavioral and non-behavioral parenting programs. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 45(3), 527–542. https://doi-org/10.1007/s10802-016-0178-0


Moretti, M.M., Obsuth, I., Craig, S.G., & Bartolo, T. (2015). An attachment-based intervention for parents of adolescents at risk: Mechanisms of change. Attachment and Human Development, 18, 1-17. doi: 10.1080/14616734.2015.1006383. Click here

Stattin, H., Enebrink, P., Özdemir, M., & Giannotta, F. (2015). A national evaluation of parenting programs in Sweden: The short-term effects using an RCT effectiveness design. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 83(6), 1069–1084. https://doi-org./10.1037/a0039328


Giannotta, F., Ortega, E., & Stattin, H. (2013). An attachment parenting intervention to prevent adolescents’ problem behaviors: A pilot study in Italy. Child & Youth Care Forum, 42(1), 71–85. https://doi-org./10.1007/s10566-012-9189-3


Moretti, M. M., Obsuth, I., Mayseless, O., & Scharf, M. (2012). Shifting internal parent-child representations among caregivers of teens with serious behaviour problems: An attachment-based approach. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 5, 191-204. Click here


Moretti, M., & Obsuth, I. (2009). Effectiveness of an attachment-focused manualized intervention for parents of teens at risk for aggressive behaviour: The Connect Program. Journal of Adolescence, 32(6), 1347-1357.Click here


Moretti, M. M., Holland, R., Moore, K., & McKay, S. (2004). An attachment based parenting program for caregivers of severely conduct disordered adolescents: Preliminary findings. Journal of Child and Youth Care Work. Click here.