Measurement Protocol

Psychometrically strong parent- and youth-report questionnaire protocols are used when evaluating our Connect programs in national and international studies with >2,000 parents. Recently, for the evaluation of eConnect Online, a measure assessing the impact of COVID-19 has been added. 




Youth Oppositional, Conduct Disorder, Depression, Anxiety, PTSD symptoms, Risk Taking/Self-Harm, School connectedness, Callous-Unemotional Traits, Autism Spectrum Disorder

Brief Child and Family Phone Interview (BCFPI)1, Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU)2, Autism Spectrum Quotient-10 (AQ-10)3, School Connectedness Scale (SCS)4 Parent report



BCFPI1; Child Revised Impact of Event Scale1, The Risk-Taking and Self-Harm Inventory for Adolescents (RTSHIA)5, Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU)2, AQ-103, SCS youth report4


Parent Emotion Regulation; Depressed Mood, Anxiety Symptoms & PTSD symptoms; Parent Callous-Unemotional Traits

Affect Regulation Checklist (ARC)-Self report7; BCFPI-Parent Mood Scale1; Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Impact of Event Scale-Revised8, ICU



Youth Attachment Security & Emotion Regulation

Adolescent Attachment Anxiety and Avoidant Inventory (AAAAI) 9; ARC-Parent report7

AAAAI9, ARC-Youth report7

Caregiver Strain, Aggression in the Home; Parenting Sense of Competence; Family Satisfaction, Parenting Behaviours

Caregiver Strain Questionnaire10 Conflict Tactics Scale-2 (CTS-2)11, Parent Sense of Competence (PSOC)12; Family Satisfaction Scale (FSS) 13, Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ)14, Interpersonal Mindfulness in Parenting (IM-P) Scale15

APQ- Youth Report14, IM-P Youth Report15, CTS-211, FSS13

COVID-19 Strain

Impacts of COVID-19; Social Distancing16

Impacts of COVID-19; Social Distancing16


1Boyle, M. H., Cunningham, C. E., Georgiades, K., Cullen, J., Racine, Y., & Pettingill, P. (2009). The Brief Child and Family Phone Interview (BCFPI): 2. Usefulness in screening for child and adolescent psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50(4), 424-431.

2 Hawes, S. W., Byrd, A. L., Henderson, C. E., Gazda, R. L., Burke, J. D., Loeber, R., & Pardini, D. A. (2013, November 4). Refining the Parent-Reported Inventory of Callous–Unemotional Traits in Boys With Conduct Problems. Psychological Assessment. doi: 10.1037/a0034718

3 Allison C, Auyeung B, and Baron-Cohen S, (2012) Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 51(2):202-12.

4 Parker, M, Lee, S.W., & Lohmeier, J.H. (2008, March). Developing a common language for school connectedness: Development of the School Connectedness Scale (SCS). Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, NY.

5Vrouva, I., Fonagy, P., Fearon, P. R., & Roussow, T. (2010). The risk- taking and self-harm inventory for adolescents: Development and psychometric evaluation. Psychological Assessment, 22, 852. doi:10.1037/a0020583.

6 Moretti, M. M. & Holland, R. (2003). The journey of adolescence: Transitions in self within the context of attachment relationships (pp. 234-257). In S. Johnson & V. Whiffen (Eds.), Attachment Processes in Couple and Family Therapy, Guildford: New York.

7Weiss, D. S., & Marmar, C. R. (1996). The Impact of Event Scale – Revised. In J. Wilson & T. M. Keane (Eds.), Assessing psychological trauma and PTSD (pp. 399-411). New York: Guilford. (NOTE: Includes measure in its entirety.)

8Moretti, M. M. (2003). Adolescent Attachment Anxiety and Avoidance Inventory. Simon Fraser University. BC, Canada.

9Brannan, A. M., Heflinger, C. A., & Bickman, L. (1997). The Caregiver Strain Questionnaire: Measuring the impact on the family of living with a child with serious emotional disturbance. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 5(4), 212-222.

10Straus, M. A., Hamby, S. L., Boney-McCoy, S., & Sugarman, D. B. (1996). The revised conflict tactics scales (CTS2) development and preliminary psychometric data. Journal of Family Issues, 17(3), 283-316.

11Johnston, C., & Mash, E. J. (1989). A measure of parenting satisfaction and efficacy. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18(2), 167-175. (who cite Gilbaud-Wallston & Wanderson, 1978).

12Carver, M. D., & Jones, W. H. (1992). The Family Satisfaction Scale. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 20(2), 71–83.

13Elgar, F. J., Waschbusch, D. A., Dadds, M. R., & Sigvaldason, N. (2007). Development and validation of a short form of the Alabama parenting questionnaire. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 16(2), 243-259.

14Duncan, L.G. (2007). Assessment of mindful parenting among parents of early adolescents: Development and validation of the Interpersonal Mindfulness in Parenting Scale. Unpublished dissertation. The Pennsylvania State University.

15Oosterhoff, B., & Palmer, C. A. (2020). Psychological correlates of news monitoring, social distancing, disinfecting, and hoarding behaviors among US adolescents during the COVID19 pandemic. Preprint.