Research on Connect

Connect Attachment Programs: Model & Evidence

We are strongly committed to knowledge translation, and the development of evidence-based interventions to prevent and reduce risk. Together with community partners in mental health and education, we have developed, delivered, and evaluated our Connect programs, which provide important benefits to youth and their families and cost-saving measures to society. 

Research and program evaluation are integral parts of the Connect Attachment Programs. Ongoing program evaluation procedures are crucial to maintaining program integrity and ensuring continued assessment of program effectiveness. Program evaluation must be completed for every Connect group. Click this link to view a recent presentation made by Dr Marlene Moretti and Dr Vicky Kelly on the Connect Program and related research.  

Connect was rated by the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse (CEBC) and given a Scientific Rating of 3 (Promising Research Evidence) and a Child Welfare System Relevance Level of Medium. For more information, click here.

Click below to download published papers.

*For requests to receive copies of any papers not found on this site, please email



Barone, L., Carone, N., Costantino, A., Genschow, J., Merelli, S., Milone, A., Polidori, L., Ruglioni, L., & Moretti, M. (2020). Training parents to adolescents’ challenges: The CONNECT parent program. Quaderni di Psicoterapia Cognitiva, 46, 31–46. Click here.

Moretti, M. M., O’Donnell, K. A., & Kelly, V. (2020). Connect: An Attachment Based and Trauma Informed Program for Foster Parents of Teens. Child Welfare, Special Issue: Twenty Years after the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (“Chafee”): What We Know Now About Meeting the Needs of Teens and Young Adults, 97(5), 159-178.


Ozturk, Y., Moretti, M., & Barone, L. (2019). Addressing parental stress and adolescents’ behavioral problems through an attachment-based program: An intervention study. International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 19(1), 89-100. Click here.


Moretti, M. M., Pasalich, D. S., O’Donnell, K. A., (2017). Connect: An attachment based program for parents and teens. In H. Steele & M. Steele. (Eds), Handbook of Attachment-Based Interventions (First Ed.). New York, NY, USA: Guilford Publications.

Rooth, H., Forinder, U., Piuva, K., & Söderbäck, M. (2017). An Assessment of Two Parenting Training Manuals Used in Swedish Parenting Interventions. Children & society, 31(6), 510-522. Click here.

Osman, F., Flacking, R., Schön, U. K., & Klingberg-Allvin, M. (2017). A support program for Somali-born parents on children’s behavioral problems. Pediatrics, 139(3), e20162764. Click here. 

Osman, F., Salari, R., Klingberg-Allvin, M., Schön, U. K., & Flacking, R. (2017). Effects of a culturally tailored parenting support programme in Somali-born parents’ mental health and sense of competence in parenting: A randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 7(12), e017600. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017600. Click here. 


Moretti, M.M., Obsuth, I., Craig, S.G., & Bartolo, T. (2015). An attachment-based intervention for parents of adolescents at risk: Mechanisms of change. Attachment and Human Development, 18, 1-17. doi: 10.1080/14616734.2015.1006383. Click here


Current Research Projects

Provincial Evaluation

Every time a Connect Parent Group runs in B.C. participants are asked to take part in our evaluation research. By filling out questionnaires before, during, and after Connect we get a better picture of how the program is working for Families.

Adapting Connect for Foster Parents

A new version of the Connect program is available for those parents providing care for foster children. This program is trauma-informed and focuses on the challenges that Foster Parent may face as they welcome a new child into their home.

Cross-Cultural Adaptations

We have recently begun to explore the cultural appropriateness of Connect for Indigenous communities and peoples living in British Columbia. We are also working on a translation of the manual into French for Francophone Canadians.

Connect in Elementary Schools

Transitioning to high school is challenging for many students. We are currently working with elementary schools to learn whether Connect can offer parents of Grade 7 students the tools they need to support their child during this transition.